This section provides an overview of the aims of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030.
In 2013, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 68/211 calling for a Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in 2015 in order to develop a post-2015 framework. The objective of the conference was to conduct a detailed assessment and evaluation of the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) to date; to analyze the different government levels of implementation both regional and national; to adopt a post-2015 framework for Disaster Risk Reduction; to identify ways of improved cooperation based on commitments to quantitative goals, and to set up a monitoring and review of implementation efforts by signatories.Following this extensive evaluation and assessment, in 2015 the UN Member States adopted the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction for the period of 2015 to 2030. The Sendai document was developed over three years and through a multi-stakeholder dialogue with UN member states, NGOs, and other stakeholders.
The Sendai Framework has replaced and built upon the work of the HFA by establishing a set of common standards, a comprehensive framework with achievable targets, and a legally-based instrument for disaster risk reduction. The Sendai framework also aims to connect and integrate disaster risk reduction into the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) . In contrast to the Millennium Development Goals, disaster risk reduction is firmly anchored in the SDGs. There are 25 targets related to disaster risk reduction in 10 of the 17 SDGs, thus opening up a range of opportunities for joint approaches to development and disaster risk reduction.
Sendai Framework: Priority Areas for Action:
- Understanding disaster risk;
- Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk;
- Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience;
- Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction
The UN member state signatories and stakeholders of the Sendai Framework set seven accompanying quantifiable targets to achieve by 2030 which aim to enhance capacity and strengthen resilience in developing countries as well as industrialized nations.
- Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030
- Reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030
- Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP by 2030
- Reduce disaster damage and disruption of basic services, develop their resilience
- Increase the number of countries with disaster risk strategies by 2020
- Enhance international cooperation to developing countries for implementation of the present framework
- Increase availability and access to early warning systems, information, and assessments to people by 2030.
The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) is tasked with supporting the implementation, follow-up and review of the Sendai Framework. This includes the coordination of global efforts to develop and harmonise relevant indicators for the Sendai Framework, the SDGs and other post-2015 development processes. Furthermore, the UNISDR provides country level support for the collection of evidence for disaster loss data bases. This can increase political and public support for disaster resilience building activities working towards a risk-led, rather than reactive, approach to disaster management.
UNISDR (2015a) Disaster risk reduction in the post-2015 development agenda - 'Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development'
UNISDR (2015b) DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND RESILIENCE IN THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT